What is resilience and why is it important? According to Merriam-Webster’s dictionary, one of the definitions of resilience is: an ability to recover from or adjust easily to misfortune or change.
The great pandemic of 2020 starkly highlighted the need for supply chain resilience. According to the World Trade Organization, the pandemic could result in anywhere from a 13% to a 32% decline in global trade for 2020.Sudden lockdowns caused shortages of toilet paper and hand sanitizer early on, but even today we are seeing shortages of critical parts impacting the supply of bicycles, desks and other items as a result of marked changes in consumption and behavior patterns.Some supply chains have been able to adjust to the new environment while others still struggle to adapt to rapid change.
Despite guidance from organizations like the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)’s Supply Chain Resilience Guide, companies across all industries have been challenged by the economic lockdowns, travel restrictions and trade disputes of 2020. Supply chains are also notoriously complex - a Dun & Bradstreet study of Fortune 1000 companies found that 162 had one or more Tier 1 suppliers in the Wuhan region of China, which seems manageable, but looking deeper the study found that 938 of the Fortune 100 had Tier 2 suppliers there.
What makes a company’s supply chain resilient?
Recent research from the Association for Supply Chain Management clarifies what makes a company resilient, analyzing data from1,800 publicly held firms with more than $200M in sales in five industries - extraction, manufacturing, communications, trade, and services.The study compared the performance from 2008 to 2009 with how the companies were doing before pre-recession (2005 to 2007) as well as immediately afterward in 2010. Organizations that invested in supply chain excellence by being leaner (having lower levels of working capital and less inventory), maintaining a variable cost structure (typically more labor intensive than asset intensive), and investing in early warning systems (monitoring and risk management capabilities) performed better thancompetitors in every industry studied.
A conclusion from the study was applied to the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic and found that
Resilient supply chains sensed the pandemic earlier (November 2019 vs. February 2020);
Early sensors had higher than average factory utilization from November to March likely to get ahead of any potential slowdowns or production shutdowns;
Even though all firms were affected by the sudden results of the pandemic, resilient supply chains were not hit as badly — and returned to baseline production faster; and
Resilient supply chains shifted focus to circular business models (for example, producing net zero waste).
Resistance capacity, which refers to the avoidance and containment capabilities of a supply chain system and
Recovery capacity, which indicates the capability of a supply chain system to return to functionality after the disruption.
To achieve resistance and recovery capacity, supply chains need to build three critical components:
Visibility and end-to-end shipment tracking across all touch points,
Velocity with the real-time flow of information and
Responsiveness to quickly act on the insights presented by the data.
How can you make your supply chain – and your business more resilient?
Remember, it’s not necessarily about avoiding any disruptions, any business with a multi-national footprint and sophisticated value chain will likely face some exposure to sudden change – it’s all about how quickly you can adjust and how robustly you can recover.
Please join Momenta for a very special webinar that explores how to anticipate disruption, and better prepare your supply chain to be resilient.